My aim here is to approach six “easy” pieces of political philosophy, as a structured introduction, considering that their simplification can help -if not anything more- “freshen up” our political thinking. The issues considered here relate to the notions of social contract, the contention between communitarianism and liberalism, the values of equality and freedom, as well as the assessment of the political situation in financial terms or in evaluative terms of conservation and progress.
Businesses act and grow within a market system characterized by synergies and complementarity. In a complementary system, I cannot cause damage to someone, without harming myself as well, in the short or in the long term.
What happens to reality when we perceive the world through our sensory filters? What is the mental content? How can we be sure that what we perceive is what that really exist? These are some of the questions this article is dealing with, attempting at the same time an overview of perception -reality problem through classic philosophical examples.
Can abstention from the election process be ethically assessed? The political nature of man inspired by Aristotle -as we have inherited it from interpretations based on Hegelian analysis- implies a necessary participation in the political process. If man is by nature a political animal, then participation in elections is mandatory. But is this self-evident? And if so, what are the ethical criteria for voting?
If someone browse the Diagnostic and Statistical Manuals of Mental Disorders (DSM) over the years will conclude that our tolerance to what we are considering healthy is eventually decreasing. This discussion is about behavior related mental disorders that we evaluate as undesirable and therefore unhealthy.
Some thinkers are considering "business ethics" as "oxymoron" while others see it as an imperative to ensure the 'market' and the entrepreneurship. The dilemmas we examine in this essay, focuses on the responsibility of legal - artificial - entities such as companies, toward: [A] persons (employees, shareholders and consumers), [B] other artificial entities (organizations or systems as companies, society, state, etc.) and, [C] the natural environment.
Following the recent global financial crisis, there was extensive debate on companies social and moral responsibility. In Kantian terms, to evaluate an act as moral, the person who is acting has to be free. The fact that a company has to adopt principles for a reason (for example: "to" build a social profile or 'to' gain a profit or "to" create an image or loyalty etc) cannot be considered as a free choice of moral principles. According to the Kantian theory, if a person choose his principles for empirical reasons, (in this case to yield some sort of profit) this choice cannot considered as moral choice because in fact this choice is non-free.
This essay, attempts to compose a picture of the problem of non-"normal" sexual preferences, desires or acts, called "perversions" (or paraphilias) and how they relate to moral judgments, the good and the evil, the fair or unfair, etc. Firstly it examines how happened to consider today, some sexual preferences natural, and some others unnatural, and focuses in constructivistic view of the "implantation of perversions”.
Michel Foucault’s “History of Madness” and then the “Foucault – Derrida” debate on the relation of madness and sanity before and after Descartes, was the occasion for this investigation. In extension, this research focuses on the positions of modern psychiatry, and approaches the madness philosophically, not only as a social 'otherness', as a deviation from what we consider as normal, or as an “enemy” of the "castle" of sanity, but also as an opportunity to reset issues associated with the normality and the nature of what we call logic and what is called the Logos.
An approach to the meaning of the term “physei” in the Aristotelian political theory - connections with the modern ecology
This essay is attempting to clarify the meaning of the word "physei" in Aristotelian political theory, and especially to interpret how it is used in “Politica” particularly in the passages referring to the nature of the city and the people. This thesis is opposite to the reading of Aristotle in the light of political naturalism, because the naturalistic approach does not reflect totally the spirit of Aristotle's political theory.
This essay, attempts to outline the philosophical basis of the Murray Bookchin’ s theory, the fundamental principles of social ecology and communalism and the main objections of "green party" environmentalists against the social ecology movement and vice versa.
This paper presents the views about war and peace before and after Kant, and analyze critically, the Kantian essay "Perceptual Peace."
How can a Jewish woman, persecuted and imprisoned by the Nazis, cause negative reactions when she closely follows the trial of the Nazi “High Priest” for his crimes against humanity? How does her unconventional thinking and her daring to see "clearly" manage to disgruntle everyone, and how, while disgruntling everyone, can she still be regarded as one of the most important figures of political philosophy of the 20th century?
Children are bombarded with stupid things. They grow up in a world whose defining characteristic is stupidity. Everything moves fast, rolling on the surface of knowledge with such ease, that the “ice” that separates us from its essence is never cracked.
On the occasion of the World Day of Philosophy, here are some thoughts about the meaning, the reality, the remains and the role of philosophy today.
Starting with the question what would happen if the philosophers went on strike, indicate the role of language and the role of ideas in the way people, everyday giving meaning to the facts of their lives. The ideas lead people to decisions, laws, rules, principles, and attitudes. The ideas create facts and our world of facts arises from going astray ghosts of past ideas.