If someone browse the Diagnostic and Statistical Manuals of Mental Disorders (DSM) over the years will conclude that our tolerance to what we are considering healthy is eventually decreasing. This discussion is about behavior related mental disorders that we evaluate as undesirable and therefore unhealthy.
Michel Foucault’s “History of Madness” and then the “Foucault – Derrida” debate on the relation of madness and sanity before and after Descartes, was the occasion for this investigation. In extension, this research focuses on the positions of modern psychiatry, and approaches the madness philosophically, not only as a social 'otherness', as a deviation from what we consider as normal, or as an “enemy” of the "castle" of sanity, but also as an opportunity to reset issues associated with the normality and the nature of what we call logic and what is called the Logos.
How can a Jewish woman, persecuted and imprisoned by the Nazis, cause negative reactions when she closely follows the trial of the Nazi “High Priest” for his crimes against humanity? How does her unconventional thinking and her daring to see "clearly" manage to disgruntle everyone, and how, while disgruntling everyone, can she still be regarded as one of the most important figures of political philosophy of the 20th century?
An issue that preoccupied me in the face of this debate, is whether one can think or talk about the Mission Box without discussing Alexandrou and possibly the opposite as well. Is the Mission Box a political allegory or is it more than that? I propose to view the Box as an existential drama.
Can abstention from the election process be ethically assessed? The political nature of man inspired by Aristotle -as we have inherited it from interpretations based on Hegelian analysis- implies a necessary participation in the political process. If man is by nature a political animal, then participation in elections is mandatory. But is this self-evident? And if so, what are the ethical criteria for voting?
The disapproval of violence contained in its very concept (as a force directed against something or conflicting with something) hides a regulatory dimension which is manufactured and not self-evident. What I am trying to explain in this article is the logical error that lies behind acts of violence and not its moral assessment.
This essay, attempts to outline the philosophical basis of the Murray Bookchin’ s theory, the fundamental principles of social ecology and communalism and the main objections of "green party" environmentalists against the social ecology movement and vice versa.
As with any other art form, it is dangerous -if not foolish- to evaluate literature in ethical terms, even when it comes to extreme erotica or even pornography. However, the work itself can in some cases highlight , insinuate or straightforwardly pose ethical questions, upon which the reader can either stumble or casually walk by.
Justine is written just before the French Revolution. The novel reveals the author's contiguity with Thomas Hobbes, portraying the inherent evil nature of mankind. Contrary to his contemporary philosopher Jean - Jacques Rousseau, who considered that the nature of mankind is noble, de Sade defends hedonism as the “summum bonum” of a selfish and beyond morality human being.
This essay, attempts to compose a picture of the problem of non-"normal" sexual preferences, desires or acts, called "perversions" (or paraphilias) and how they relate to moral judgments, the good and the evil, the fair or unfair, etc. Firstly it examines how happened to consider today, some sexual preferences natural, and some others unnatural, and focuses in constructivistic view of the "implantation of perversions”.
This is a advertising article about a poetry event, organized at Dasein in 2011. At this event, titled: Prostibulo Poetico, participated poets and philosophers from Greece, Spain and US. Original publication bookpress.gr
The Cartesian meditations, platonic ideas, body-mind problem, philosophical theories of time, Escher's design paradoxes, and some ethical problems, compose the canvas of Christopher Nolan's new film titled: Inception.
Unlike Epicurus, who he is attempting to ease the fear and pain of death, Heidegger makes death a fundamental element of the Being. Dasein, as Being-Towards-Death faces the certainty of death and escapes from the evreyday routine to make life meaningful.
This is an attempt to classified the classic arguments for the proof of existence or inexistence of God. Firstly are listed analytically, the cosmological and ontological arguments and their rebuttals, and then the arguments of Kant and Sartre. Finally, are presented the pragmatic arguments (Pascal - William James) and noted the analytic philosophers objections (such as Ayer) according which any answer to the question "Does God Exist?" is meaningless.
Τhis paper summarizes the main points of Heideggerian ontology which is associated with human beings, nature, technology and the relationship between them, as well as their ethical implications.